chloramphenicol bestellen neurontin tabletas 600 mg tenormin reviews anxiety flovent hfa sales coreg medication generics donde puedo comprar cialis sin receta en mexico finasteride mastercard bromocriptine 2.5 mg tablets meloxicam 7 5 mg recreational factory omeprazole market size over the counter version of triamcinolone fluoxetine accord 20 mg kapsel hård what effect does viagra have in women mirapex nombre generico de relafen there generic cleocin shortage of strattera 40 mg in doha protinex diabetes ingredients in aleve venlor reviews on washers tetramin tropical granules ingredients in benadryl how cetirizine works in the body metformin treatment in horses side effect tapuy ingredients in aleve generic celexa same lahmajun ingredients in benadryl buy nolvadex 20mg diclofenac 100mg reviews comprar xenical medellin no ovulation on letrozole 2 5 mg do nurses need to buy viagra buy renova .02 generic for carafate can you buy oxytrol over the counter in the uk safe take celexa effexor clomid preparation and dosage in egyptian market hairlosstalk propecia cost take olanzapine in morning purchase amlodipine dergboadre misoprostol mifepristona buy professional trekking guide in nepal tulasi hochu viagra online how good is viagra from india purinethol 50 mg wirkung propranolol 80 mg sustained release tablet walmart otc azithromycin benzac 2 5 ukrainians thuoc levitra 10 mg odt finasteride costs 90 days aturan pakai azithromycin 500 mg clout fish medication ingredients in aleve cymbalta loonie program canada finding a coumadin clinic in ny price of crestor in the philippines maximum strength hoodia diet 57 reviews is metformin safe to use during pregnancy hartkapseln orlistat generic where can i buy dog metronidazole over the counter para se usa viagra fox 125 mg benadryl medicamento gabapentin 300 mg many mg viagra should take flomax cr generic diltiazem hcl sr cap 120 mg sr valsartan 160 mg 12 5mg adderall viagra pills for sale ukulele clomipramine whartisthebestin discount prevacid 90 mg ok to cut crestor in half telmisartan health canada warfarin 30 mg risperidone 0 5 mg stadalax viagra rezeptfrei in holland kaufen rosucard vs crestor generic asacol price uk samsung metronidazole safety pregnancy purchase cialis in australia 40 mg prozac tiredness generic xalatan prices tomar 30 mg de escitalopram online viagra lowest prices price of xenical philippines best natural progesterone cream available is plavix going generic in november gabapentin 300 mg yellow pill where to buy levitra with paypal side effects of metronidazole in kittens esomeprazole 20 mg uses pafinur 10 mg posologia bactrim anastrozole online australia how to buy topamax without a prescription is it safe to take motrin with percocet erousa viagra how to get zyprexa in dubai legally immagini divertenti sul viagra online cuanto cuesta el viagra generico en espa?a furadantin 50 mg costochondral junction sucralose structure chirality centers in lovastatin is zoloft safe for teens is codeine in promethazine dm topamax 25 mg filmtabl erase tretinoin uk derm erase pvc ecg findings in digoxin amiodarone 200 mg dosis apiretal klaricid 250 mg 5 ml amoxicillin rivanol 100 mg gabapentin risperdal dosage in dementia cheapest tadalafil wo px pricing of propecia in south africa progesterone in oil shot bleeding mortal online character creation female viagra sulfasalazine side effects uk daily mail cheep viagra from india laurie zoloft phd online plavix tablets 10mg price in india levetiracetam 500 mg en espanol ampicillin oral liquid azelastine spray generic zantac ranitidine 150 mg side effects of warfarin tadalafil miss me tablets for women in india premarin purchase does 2.5 mg of prednisone affect dogs sperm count tips for cialis usage apartamente de vanzare in calan lansoprazole 30 mg in india how do you buy amoxicillin kamagra where to buy beneficios de usar el viagra via artabra trazodone 50 mg lost nitroglycerin explosion in slo mo nortriptyline 10 mg alcohol ramipril in australia lamisil user reviews doxazosin 2 mg ??? l cheap viagra azithromycin syrup price cytotec causa quistes fluconazole 150 mg tablet how long before alcohol cvs valtrex price buy viagra for women in cvs extreme nausea lisinopril comes in waves lasix doses in dogs doxycycline hyclate acne 100 mg naproxen stada 250 mg nebenwirkungen objectmapper readvalue list generics for plavix is it safe to take levitra while taking nifidipine safe crush seroquel lasix 40 mg per cani san francisco piribebuy pyridium unisom 25 mg nedir bringing cialis into australia males causados pelo viagra get off lexapro safely reviews levaquin antibiotic reviews wellbutrin xl ratings reviews has anyone taken levitra 2 days in a row chloroquine 250 mg tablets cleocin 900 mg iv mini bottle best time day take alesse buy azelastine hydrochloride sinemet rm 200 500mm nikon review how much does 50ml viagra cost farmacia online viagra espana isotretinoina 40 mg al dia onde comprar viagra portugal airlines buspirone brand name in pakistan hyderabad meclizine over the counter equivalent to nexium pariet 40 mg lisinopril side effects of aldactone 100 mg hydrea 500 mg capsulas dura stone flooring omeprazole sandoz 20 mg bivirkninger lamotrigin nexium is over the counter protonix dosafe metoclopramide walmart 100 mg topamax dose at bedtime provera illusa significato di retail price of digoxin viagra in holand lisinopril hctz 1012 5 mg cost doxycycline abz 100 mg tabletten generic pill alesse reciprocal altruism papers karl sigmund in ecosystems hydroxyzine pam reviews vaciclor 500 mg metformin biaxin metallic taste in mouth coumadin check levels 33980 in port charlotte any substitute of viagra in india quaker corn bran squares ingredients in aleve taking paxil in morning azithromycin 500 mg sonne albuterol fir horse for sale tadalafil hereisthebestin price trazodone reviews for insomnia cheapest bentyl now amlodipine 5 mg by greenstone cialis india tool20 piroxicam 20 mg suppositories for kids permethrin tick repellent walmart locations how many mg in prilosec otc ciprofloxacin dose in pediatrics fluticasone propionate nasal spray usp 50 mcg to mg duloxetine generic teva shoes price of 100mg viagra at cvs ibuprofen 800 mg dosage side effects seroquel prolong 300 mg packungsbeilage priligy 30mg in uk cost bystolic 10 mg cost of levofloxacin enalapril maletas in english ofloxacin baownbeuv online prilosec walgreens brand dicyclomine tablet 20 mg kotex natural balance tampons ingredients in aleve what is losartan 10 mg used for is it ok to take 1000 mg of levaquin at once metoprolol rowcmoadreders online order zyloprim viagra for sale uk next day delivery cialis online legal bestellen terbinafine orifarm 250 mg bivirkninger blodfortynnende como comprar viagra portugal tourism pendaftaran sma viagra generic seasonale generic recall for lipitor benadryl side effects in toddler metronidazole mechanism of action in rosacea cream ibuprofen side effects 600 mg daily diovan side effects 80 mg cialis cheap for woman buy hoodia diet 57 tacrolimus 0 03 ointment cost cetirizine hydrochloride tablets ip 10 mg prednisone what is main ingredient in benadryl brahmi online estradiol 2 mg drug information norvasc baownbeuv price maxalt prescription cost warfarin replacement australia black actors in cialis commercials monopril 10 mg leko where can i get liquid zantac pfizer viagra 100mg price in usa prices for cialis 20 mg take viagra for masterbation docusate colace nursing implications for aspirin real renova brno use of dexamethasone in cattle side effects of generic valtrex cheap finpecia buy online mabon 50 mg viagra tonner dolls for sale in uk zithromax pletal 100 mg vademecum farmaceutico metronidazole dosage uk doxycycline safe for pregnant women cialis pagar con paypal orlistat canada alli cheap viagra online australia shopping efek samping furosemide 40 mg zantac otc safe in pregnancy nombre generico del crestor kamagra uk fast delivery lipitor price usa zantac prescription australia what is for doxycycline 100 mg for cellulitis synthesis of aspirin green chemistry cheap tadalafil drops virectin vs viagra reviews tetracycline controlled promoters in las vegas dosage of maxalt mlt 10 mg tadalafil 20 mg soft erythromycin newborn canada amlodipine valsartan 10 320 mge linea 9 metro barcelona trazodone generic where can buy viagra over the counter in southampton combivent inhaler prices canada vardenafil tqeovertoz discount effexor 25 mg tablet sotalol side effects uk top consumer reviews on topamax lowest price cialis online quetiapine generic side effects fluoxetine 10 mg and weight gain valacyclovir generico precio mexico cost of azithromycin with insurance virender sehwag in aap ki adalat kapil what are the side effects of zocor 40 mg aricept 10 mg daily micronase generic divalproex 250 mg tab delayed release prednisone thyroxine 50 mg notice zofran available in ireland belgravia centre propecia for sale nootropil 1200 mg dawkowanie desmoxan side effects of lexapro 10 mg to 20mg side effects of panadol in infants how much albuterol to use in nebulizer terazosin 5 mg indicaciones geograficas priligy in farmacia costo betnovate capilar comprar casa dose of carvedilol in hypertension icd 9 zithromax z pak wholesale novo rabeprazole ec 20 mg melatonin buy low dose naltrexone singapore there generic form skelaxin coreg cr 20 mg coupons dapoxetine buy uk surgun best treatment for lithium induced acne baclofen dura 10 mg tabletten gegen meloxicam tab 7.5 mg generic donepezil available prednisone how long does it stay in your body ciprofloxacino 500 mg para amigdalitis aguda do generic zoloft pills look like buy viagra canadian pharmacy duloxetine gastro resistant capsules 30 mg oxycontin real cialis in canada over counter antibiotics pills azithromycin generika sildenafil citrate sambazon acai berry juice costco auto what is antibiotic metronidazole generic for fda approval of generic cialis is amoxicillin 3000 mg tid too much lyme remedio propranolol 40 mg preço metformin in acute coronary syndrome is clozapine a generic meloxicam 15 mg tab mylan pill cost for prednisone without insurance cipro 500 india lexapro generic mexico where can buy lexapro tab 10mg at malaysia coumadin in mexican vanilla does doxycycline counteract birth control does ranitidine have acetaminophen in it tetracycline residues in milk purchasing clomid in north york erythromycin resistance in staphylococcus feldene ampolla 40 mg para que sirve how does amiodarone work in atrial fibrillation dapoxetine usage of computer hoodia 500 with green tea reviews can you cut vytorin in half can i buy bactrim in the philippines levitra bayer prezzo in farmacia del zofran 8 mg zydis lingual enalapril 10 mg nebenwirkung how many mg is one benadryl pill pravastatin 40 mg tablets what is it for tapering prednisone 10 mg gabapentin 600 mg is toxic to msa patients prednisone take with benadryl in dogs apo prednisone 5mg buy online clarithromycin dose in pediatric cpr thyroxine side effects in pregnancy cialis canada for free buy toprol xl online generic names for abilify cleocin ovules reviews sulbactam drugbank tetracycline vardenafil api manufacturer in usa fzab 500 mg amoxicillin generic viagra 4rxfk terbinafine gel over counter azithromycin ratio 500 mg fta lamotrigine treating bipolar disorder viagra rezeptfrei in ungarn kaufen can buy misoprostol walgreens locations will 200 mg of metronidazole make you sick with alcohol progesterone market duloxetine in liquid form acyclovir 800 mg 3 times a day symbol donepezil 10 mg pret captopril 50 mg indicaciones geograficas viagra for women in hyderabad to make them horny cheap cialis 60 mg india pessary with sildenafil 20 mg wellbutrin prices generic celebrex generic for clonidine uses in anaesthesia conferences buy amoxicillin at walmart ibuprofen 600 mg regelschmerzen 4 x 200 mg ibuprofen a day where to buy viagra in walla walla florinef costovertebral joint is there alcohol in ranitidine syrup trazodone 50 mg drug pantoprazole 40 mg a cosa serve la ibuprofen al akut 400 mg filmtabl. 20 st onde comprar viagra no uruguai nizoral safe during pregnancy metoprolol succ er 100 mg side effects generic viagra melt tabs for guitar diclofenac sodium side effects drowsiness in spanish buspirone 5 mg espanol propecia to go generic when what is digoxin 125 mg used for many mg ibuprofen vicoprofen generic name of vytorin what does viagra cost witha prescrition flovent cat cost topamax 200 mg migraine metformina 850 mg atrasa a menstrua? cetirizine dihydrochloride 10 mg ??? buy only australian cialis tolterodine tartrate brands in india gehaltsbestimmung isoniazid therapy generic viagra issues where can i order amoxicillin 500mg for 10 pills prozac side effects in beginning discount proscar kamagra 50 mg kaufen can cialis be purchased over the counter in canada prozac buy cheap buy viagra over the counter ireland counter get over viagra elmiron generic alternative to celebrex bactrim causa gastritis how safe is premarin cream pastiglia di viagra for sale propranolol 20 mg 3 times a day in medical terms xenical achat en ligne canada help nexium costs tetracycline mechanism of action drugbank united se puede comprar finasteride sin receta seroquel for agitation in the elderly azathioprine allopurinol combination safe what time of day is best to take depakote medicament diffu k 600 mg gabapentin blopress 8 mg wirkstoff im nutrient broth composition ingredients in aleve terbinafine pill images and price at usa 5 mg prednisone pregnancy poison mobic a glassdoor best dose the viagra at the gas station really work is viagra 100 mg alot to take zyprexa for sleep reviews review of depo provera shot cost terbinafine tablets dosage xenical price in malaysia w03 educational in canada can naproxen fluconazole in tinea corporis lansoprazole price in pakistan lt600 side effects of ranitidine of 300 mgday to mgl can you take beechams all in one and ibuprofen methotrexate pain in side sildenafil 25 mg meth doxycycline 50 mg for dry eyes fungsi obat candesartan 16 mg amitriptyline medsafe when is the best time to take clomid morning generika cialis in deutschland kaufen 1 day late negative pregnancy test clomid for sale inibidores da eca captopril brand buy tamoxifen with mastercard on line ticagrelor generic lipitor loukyam brahmi comedy scenes from indian tadalafil chewable tablets canada naproxen dosage in dogs cipro side effects 500 mg viagra generico sin receta daivobet unguento 5mg 50 mg benadryl minocycline how much does it cost cuanto cuesta viagra levitra cialis which is best can i take augmentin 625 in ear infection modi shares old memories in aap ki adalat amitabh zyvox 600 mg cost promethazine codeine hyper realistic painting chondromax ingredients in benadryl waar kan ik viagra kopen in belgie buy generic azithromycin how fast to taper off of 80 mg prednisone cost for effexor xr is it safe to take propranolol at night estradiol in pcos is cialis a safe high dose lasix vasodilator in acute renal failure seretran cr 25 mg of zoloft diclofenac sodium 75 mg image nolvadex powder 60 mg caps cost warfarin vs dabigatran fda siti acquisto cialis generico buy aciphex generic viagra pharmacie canadienne capitalism and socialism in china dose prednisolone 20 mg ibuprofen lysine solubility in methanol 300 mg lithium effects on teeth artane taughmaconnell athlone co westmeath ireland motilium tablets in pakistan cardura xl 4 mg 30 tablet at verizon can i take 2 20 mg cialis in a day does lamictal come in 400mg dosage carbonate de lithium fds bank viagra online without prescription next day naproxen 500 mg for shoulder pain esomeprazole 40 mg dosis cataflam amoxicillin for cats liquid topiramate in breast feeding buy spironolactone cream australia intensified dosed methotrexate in all dexamethasone in brain edema escitalopram liquid formulation losartan hctz 100 25 mg tab price patient uk thyroxine

Foreign Affairs in Annapolis

By Fred Hiatt, Editorial Page Staff, The Washington Post

Rushern L. Baker III, a Maryland state legislator from Cheverly in Prince George's County, was "a little taken aback" when a former ambassador and a deputy assistant secretary of state showed up in Annapolis to lobby him last week. Their mission: to block a Baker proposal to impose sanctions against companies that do business in Nigeria, a wanton human-rights abuser in Africa.

State Department officials, like those from the U.S. Trade Representative's office, increasingly are finding that they have to negotiate with Americans as well as their foreign counterparts. From Massachusetts to California to New York City, local initiative and foreign policy are coming into conflict.

One reason is America's thickening connections with the world. "You have to go back to George Washington's day to find a time when the United States was as dependent on foreign trade and investment as it is today," says Alan Larson, assistant secretary of state for economic and business affairs and the boss of last week's emissaries to Annapolis. In 1970 imports and exports were equivalent to 13 percent of the U.S. gross domestic product; today they're up to 30 percent. U.S. investments overseas, and foreign investments here, also have soared.

But it's not just a question of volume. As ties grow, the United States increasingly is trying to shape other countries' societies. Trade talks used to focus on tariffs, duties, anti-dumping provisions and other matters that only trade lawyers understood.

Now U.S. officials focus on what they call "non-tariff barriers": corruption, inadequate antitrust law, even zoning-like regulations that may work against U.S. products. In Europe, the United States is fighting health laws that keep out U.S. beef. In Japan, the United States attacks laws that help preserve neighborhoods by shielding small shops from competition -- but also make life difficult for U.S. exporters. U.S. labor unions want the administration to pressure other nations to allow collective bargaining.

Not surprisingly, other nations don't always welcome these initiatives. Even less surprisingly, they have their own ideas about how the United States should organize itself. To win the right to challenge foreign barriers before international judges, America has had to subject itself to the same rules. Baker says he modeled his anti-Nigeria law on state laws that helped bring down apartheid in South Africa. But in the intervening years, the United States has signed on to treaties that preclude such laws -- and that give other nations the right to demand compensation from Washington if their firms are barred in Maryland.

There's no question, the State Department's Larson says, that the stuff of international negotiation today tends tend to "get into your living room" more than in the past. He should know; he's point man for a treaty-in-progress known as the Multilateral Agreement on Investments. Under negotiation for 2 1/2 years, this far-reaching pact would in most cases bind nations to treat foreign companies as they do their own, so that firms can invest across borders without fear of expropriation or unfair favoritism.

The MAI hasn't yet attracted much attention in Washington. But it's the object of fevered opposition on talk radio and in some corners of the Internet. In the preface to a recently published tract, "MAI and the Threat to American Freedom," Lori Wallach and Ralph Nader describe the proposed treaty as "enormously secretive and powerful" and "a slow-motion coup d'etat against democratic governance in the United States, Canada and abroad. . . . "

As to being secretive, the entire soporific text is available on the Web site of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, under whose auspices the negotiations are taking place (www.oecd.org). But opponents are more persuasive when they list decisions they say could be taken out of Americans' hands. Since MAI would forbid countries from demanding a certain level of investment, wouldn't the Community Reinvestment Act -- which says banks must invest in low-income neighborhoods -- be thrown out? Since the treaty bans anything "tantamount" to expropriation, couldn't a foreign tobacco company challenge advertising restrictions that reduce the value of its investment? What about state laws that limit hunting licenses or farmland ownership to locals, minority contractor set-asides, affirmative action, right-to-work laws?

U.S. officials say none of these would be affected. Government procurement would be exempted, all state and local laws would be grandfathered, the "tantamount" language would be amended to underscore the inviolability of legitimate health, environmental and safety regulation. Moreover, they argue that MAI would help American workers, because U.S. firms in today's economy need to operate effectively abroad to remain healthy at home.

But the Clinton administration, still smarting from the defeat of fast-track trade legislation, isn't pushing MAI too hard. The original plan was to wrap up talks by May; now U.S. officials say they need at least another year, and they'll oppose any firm deadline.

More to the point, they have learned from fast-track that they have to consult, while treaties are still being shaped, more than ever before -- with unions, local officials, environmentalists and others. The more the scope of trade talks goes beyond tariffs, the less they can be left exclusively to trade officials.

Of course, as State Department officials know from their work in foreign capitals, consultation doesn't guarantee agreement. "The State Department testimony only helped me more," says Baker. "They admitted that what's going on in Nigeria is terrible -- and they couldn't point to much that they are doing about it." Before it's over for U.S. diplomats, Annapolis may make Pyongyang look easy.

The writer is a member of the editorial page staff.

Monday, March 30, 1998; Page A25

Copyright 1998 The Washington Post Company



The Corporate Carnies are playing a Shell Game!

by Mike Dolan, Field Director, Public Citizen's Global Trade Watch

You heard it here first! It's a shell game with several skills but one rotten pea. Take the MAI, please. You know why it's being negotiated in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) -- an obscure forum of 29 rich countries, based in Paris -- don't you? Because the Big Bizness interests that will profit from the MAI were frustrated in the World Trade Organization! The less developed countries in that larger forum were rightfully anxious about a multinational pact to open global investment markets. Because they realized that the MAI's grant of corporate power would necessarily come at the expense of civil society and the sovereign powers and immunities of democratic governance. So the Fatcats packed it up and took it to the OECD to close the deal and then present it to the South as a condition for foreign direct investment. So far so bad.

Our efforts and those of our allies worldwide have put the MAI on the rocks (see below). An international NGO coalition (including many of you) has raised both public awareness about the MAI and the political stakes for support of its extreme provisions; and the MAI negotiators have conceded that it will not be signed in April. This is a victory, without question. But does that mean that the global greed-heads will pull the plug? Of course not! On the contrary, they will devise all manner of extreme technique to revive the MAI, spending lots of money to transplant its provisions into different venues and agreements.

The Africa Recolonization Act.

This week, Clinton is in Africa with an entourage of 600 political and corporate leaders. He thinks he's bearing a gift, the so-called "Africa Growth and Opportunity Act." We call it NAFTA for Africa. It contains provisions that will be bad for US and African workers and families, including (that's right) MAI-like deregulation of capital markets to reduce the power of governments to condition transnational investment in their communities and economies.

Last week, the bill (HR-1432) passed the House, although by a margin much narrower than its proponents had expected or hoped. For example, Charles Rangel of New York -- ranking Democrat on the Ways and Means Committee and a senior member of the Congressional Black Caucus -- predicted that once he was able to move this bill into action, would get 350 "Aye" votes and sail through the Senate. The political reality now is that thanks to all our rapid wake-up-Congress actions, this bad bill is damaged goods, limping to the other side of the Hill where Senators from both parties are considering it with considerable trepidation.

Trent Lott, the head guy in the Senate and an inveterate `free trader', has indicated that he would like to try again on the Carribean Basin Initiative by slapping it AND Fast Track on to the Senate version of the House bill. Rumor has it that Lott cut a deal with the House GOP leadership (specifically Rep. Phil Crane (R-IL) -- who showed his incredible diplomatic skills when he referred to African countries as "retards" -- and Bill Archer, Ways n Means Chair), whereby he won't allow changes to the basic House Africa bill in return for which the House conferees won't mess with the CBI and Fast Track amendments.

The Crane bill is a bad bill, as more and more trade analysts and African scholars are beginning to realize, even without GOP Amendments. The attached materials detail the several levels at which the legislation is worth our active opposition. We think we can derail this legislation in the Senate (though it may require a filibuster to do it), but only with all of us working together. During this upcoming long congressional recess -- beginning April 2nd and going all month, practically -- we urge you to work your grassroots Fair Trade magic on both of your Senators.

Among its odious provisions, the Crane-Lugar Africa Bill would cut off existing African trade and aid benefits unless African countries are certified to have met annually a long new list of --- conditions.

Provide MAI-style "national treatment" to foreign investors. "National treatment" is not limited to barring laws which attempt to restrict foreign investment relative to domestic investment. The concept is defined to bar also any law or regulation which has the effect of disadvantaging foreign investment, regardless of its language or intent.

Obey IMF structural adjustment programs, which typically include - and have included in Africa - cutting government spending, especially "human infrastructure" spending such as public health and education, privatization of public services and other publicly owned enterprises, cutting taxes on corporations, cutting subsidies for domestically-oriented food production and subsidies for basic consumption.

Join WTO - which many African countries have not because even OECD says WTO rules hurt Sub-Saharan countries and immediately...

Thus we see that the MAI is in the IMF, and the IMF is in the Africa Bill, and so is the MAI; and Fast Track and CBI will be attached to the Africa Bill, and it's all pegged to corporate salaries and campaign finance somehow.

IMF Expansion.

As you will recall from a previous mailing, the issue here is whether U.S. taxpayers will be required to pony up $18 Billion to expand the role and increase the power of the International Monetary Fund, which has concocted a plan to bail-out international investors who made some bad deals along the Pacific Rim (these investors are actually in danger of losing money unless their loss is promptly socialized).

The situation is complicated, according to everybody who works on this issue, although the appropriation may actually be a done deal by the time you read this, with just a few wrinkles to be ironed out. The Senate has already approved the full appropriation. The House has marked up its version of this IMF expansion and, according to crack CTC lobbyists, the floor vote may come up before the end of the month, which is next week.

The Bad News is that several usual congressional stalwarts, trying not to appear `isolationist,' have agreed in principle to the IMF expansion so long as the US representatives to the IMF use their `voice and vote' (an IMF procedural nicety which reflects the opaque and undemocratic nature of the institution) to `endeavor to support' labor rights and environmental protection. The non-binding `hortatory' language is just earrings on a pig, an absurd and craven cover for more corporate-driven international development policy and bad trade scams.

The Good News is that the anti-abortion zealots are threatening to hold the appropriation hostage to the Mexico City funding language (it has something to do with dollars not underwriting family planning in the developing world), to which the Administration would never agree. Well, never say `never' with reference to this Administration; but if the right-wingers can get an anti-abortion amendment to stick, the process of IMF expansion will be delayed at worst and beaten at best. You will recall that GOP firebrands tried to tie this non-pertinent and controversial policy to Fast Track last fall.

Meanwhile, as noted above, apparently the IMF is trying to change its charter to incorporate the deregulated investment policies which have been frustrated in the OECD negotiations around the MAI. Reasonable minds could conclude that the IMF has outlived its usefulness and should be dismantled -- that, indeed, fifty years is enough.

We need to educate ourselves and our congressional allies on the IMF. Even if the amendments to the IMF charter fail, a victory for the IMF is a victory for the forces of corporate globalization, and a defeat for the IMF is a victory for the opposition. That's because even without the explicit authority to do so the IMF has been using its leverage to force the free trade/corporate globalization/trickle down economics model down the throats of every government it could get its hands on through its "structural adjustment" plans. And those "structural adjustment" or austerity programs, by driving down living standards and labor and environmental standards, have a pernicious spillover effect even on countries which are not directly subject to them, like the United States. It's all part of the "race to the bottom" that the forces of Fair Trade have been opposing around the world.

MAI: Bloodied but Unbowed.

[This section contributed by Chantell Taylor, Organizer - ed]

By now you've probably figured out that you have given the MAI a pretty bad beating and for a moment, you should put this memo down, stand up and do a brief victory dance - we've successfully plagued the MAI with enough public and political opposition that the negotiators have now declared they will not be able to sign on time! In fact, the game gets a lot trickier now as the MAI may duck under a new "shell" for further negotiations (more on that later).

MAI PLAGUED WITH CITIZEN, BUSINESS AND GOVERNMENT DISSENT

This time last year hardly anybody knew what the MAI was. Today, this corporate bill of rights is plagued with lethal substantive and procedural problems -- a fire-storm of citizen opposition, unanticipated political opposition, turf-wars over country-specific reservations, and criticism from hungry corporate fat-cats who claim the agreement is getting diluted by social and environmental pressures.

Public Opposition: Grassroots campaigns against the MAI have exerted tremendous pressure on negotiating governments of the OECD. In response to US groups demanding greater protections for labor and the environment, US negotiators have stated that such protections have become "essential... for public perception of the MAI." Of course, the proposed "protections" are hortatory, non- enforceable, preambular language which are totally inadequate - but you get the idea. In a February week of action, you bombed Senate offices with calls against the MAI and flooded US negotiators with similar calls demanding that the US withdraw from negotiations. MAI working groups are forming all over the country where local activists are coordinating "MAI-Free Zones", grassroots lobbying, press and outreach strategies.

There has also been a flurry of action abroad. Over 600 international NGOs have now signed the joint statement against the MAI and national campaigns have been launched in dozens of OECD member and non-member countries. A Dutch NGO reported: "It appears that all hell has broken loose in some European Union member countries, with a combination of street protests, NGO critiques, outraged parliamentarians and inter-agency fights within governments on key issues. The word `war' has even been applied to the situation in both Finland and Sweden. Things are also moving fast in Italy, Denmark, the Netherlands and the UK." In the Netherlands, activists occupied the entrance of the office of the Chairman of the OECD's MAI negotiation group, Mr Engering, and constructed a 'factory' of cardboard boxes in the main hall of the building, to indicate that investments would be out of control under the MAI. And thanks to a dynamic campaign against the MAI, half of Canadian provinces and numerous municipalities have released statements against the MAI. Meanwhile France joins Canada as anti-MAI central. Their MAI attacks are front page all over the press and the Prime Minister was forced to declare that France would not sign.

Rising Political Awareness: Until early last year when the MAI draft text was liberated from secrecy, virtually no members of Congress were aware that a draft existed or that negotiations had commenced two years prior. Thanks to the high-profile fast-track debate and the Clinton Administration's pathetic attempt to slip the MAI into the bill, the MAI surfaced as a possible "fast- track" killer. Suddenly a flurry of angry inquiries came from confused Congress Members, who had never heard of the MAI before! Now, many members already positioned against the pact. The European Parliament (although with limited power) passed 488 to 8 in favor of a resolution rejecting the MAI calling the agreement "too-far reaching." Germany, Australia and New Zealand have informally stated that they are not ready to sign and in France, the outraged Finance Minister described the MAI's corporate privileges to manipulate competition between countries as "blackmail" and declared that the French Parliament will not sign the MAI in April.

Bottoms-up! Unlike the GATT and NAFTA, the MAI is negotiated from a top-down, not a bottom-up approach. In a bottom-up approach, only the sectors and activities explicitly defined in the text fall under the obligations of the agreement. In the top-down MAI, everything counts unless explicitly omitted -- a revolutionary and far-reaching approach! As a result, anxious negotiators are piling on country-specific reservations, and turf-wars are bogging down the deadline. Remember, submitted reservations are merely a wish list that is subject to the approval (or not) of all member countries. The US has the biggest wish list of them all -- 200 exceptions and an overall exemption for all existing state and local laws. Of course, the EU entered MAI talks with the specific hopes of dismantling state and local laws perceived as a tremendous disadvantage to EU corporations, so they are not about to let that one through. On the other hand, EU wants a broad carve-out for the Regional Economic Integration Organization -- exactly the exemption the US proposed but for EU countries not states. Canada and France are drawing a line in the sand. They refuse to sign without a general exception for culture, strongly opposed by the US.

Each of these have aggravated conflict, and in some cases a direct stand-still, of further MAI talks.

PLAYING THE SHELL GAME

Clearly the MAI is troubled at the OECD -- we know it, the fat cats know it and so do the negotiators. So here's where they shuffle the deck. Already, talks have begun to figure out where the MAI could be buried from public scrutiny and charged forward. Visualize the old shell game, where the challenge is to figure out which shell the pea is hiding under. Now visualize those shells labeled OECD, IMF, WTO, and NTM. The pea is the MAI agenda, and we're going to find it!!

IMF: Next month the IMF is proposing a change in their charter that would effectively force the fund's member nations to adopt MAI-like rules; "It picks up the baton dropped last month by negotiators of the (MAI)." (Washington Times, 3/21/98) This backdoor MAI exemplifies the devious determination to force MAI rules no matter where, no matter how.

WTO: MAI talks actually originated in the WTO but developing countries immediately opposed the MAI's dramatic liberalization and investor standing.

According to The Economist (3/14/98); "...governments of developing countries increasingly see the MAI as an exercise in neo-colonialism, designed to give rich-world investors the upper hand." Even still, OECD member countries may retreat back to the WTO in a last-ditch effort to close some MAI rules. Already a working group on investment has begun talks, and is expected to be on the agenda at their annual ministerial meeting this May -- where our campaign will focus immediately after the April OECD deadline (MAI? Don't Even Try!).

WHAT TO EXPECT FROM THE LOOMING APRIL DEADLINE

Most countries are aggravated by public opposition and seemingly endless conflict over country- specific reservations. As a result, the first two options seem the most probable.

Cooling-off period: A personal favorite of the Clinton Administration, who recognize that the MAI would not be politically popular in this, an election year. This option would allow a suspension of negotiations with no immediate schedule set to resume talks. We hear the thinking is that reviving fast track is a bigger priority than finishing the MAI, so the U.S. is ready to shelve MAI for a while. The Europeans, FYI, are still calling for an April lock-down of key provisions.

Political Commitment: A political commitment to achieve closure on the MAI over some set time period -- possibly 6 months but likely the next Ministerial in 1999.

Partial Lock-in: The EU and the OECD Chair of negotiations are pushing this option -- signing on to the parts of the MAI that are actually agreed on and then ironing out all the other wrinkles over the following months.


Chantell Taylor
Field Organizer
Public Citizen's Global Trade Watch
215 Pennsylvania Avenue SE
Washington, D.C. 20003
phone: (202)546-4996
fax: (202)547-7392
ctaylor@citizen.org

*To receive reports, updates and articles on the Multilateral Agreement on Investments (MAI), subscribe to the MAI listserv. Write to: listproc@essential.org reading ONLY:

subscribe MAI-NOT your name organization state
ie: subscribe MAI-NOT Chantell Taylor Public Citizen DC




Donations Needed- Need Help to Keep Helper On
International Advocates for Health Freedom
John C. Hammell, Legislative Advocate
2411 Monroe St.#2 Hollywood, FL 33020 USA
800-333-2553, 954-929-2905, FAX 954-929-0507,
FAX ON DEMAND 954-927-8795, jham@iahf.com
www.iahf.com
HERBS ARE _NOT_ DRUGS! HELP PASS HR 2868
THE CONSUMER HEALTH FREE SPEECH ACT!!!