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To: IAHF List
Subject: How Hand Counting Steals Elections: Hanging Chads on Ballots are Knocked Loose Via Handling- Invalidating a Ballot
From: "International Advocates for Health Freedom"
Date: Fri, 17 Nov 2000 14:04:42 -0500

IAHF List: Election fraud threatens to divide this country triggering civil unrest. The ruling elite WANTS civil unrest so they can declare martial law and force us into a world government. If that happens all of our laws including our vitamin laws will be scrapped. Better to quell civil unrest by alerting people to this fact- that an effort is being made to divide and conquer us, and we must ALL expose the election fraud thats under way nationwide, especially in Florida. Regardless of what party you are for, or if you are for a third party, if you are an American, you must oppose election fraud, even if it results within your own party, and even if you didn't vote.

The Florida Supreme Court is comprised of 6 Democrats and 1 Independent. They will overrule an order not to do hand counting in Palm Beach and Broward Counties, counties that are favorable to Democrats. The message below describes the exact process by which elections have been stolen in the past via hand counting of ballots.


A chad is the perforated piece of the ballot that is intended to be punched out. Sometimes a voter won't punch the chad out all the way and will then change his mind and punch out another chad, leaving one chad hanging. If two people were voted on, the ballot is invalidated. What happens is that hanging chads fall loose with enough handling and that invalidates a ballot. Get enough chads to fall out, and you can reverse the election results.

This is shocking and outrageous, but its going on right now nationwide and has been for years: Check it out:

'How Democrats steal elections' Veterans of hand recounts describe techniques used to change outcome

The manual vote recounts being insisted on by Democratic operatives in Palm Beach County, Fla., have been used for over 20 years to steal elections from Republicans, claim several GOP veterans of hand-recount election-upsets.

According to Bob Haueter, chief of staff to the California Assembly Republican Caucus, and an expert on manual recounts, a Democrat lawyer intimately involved in "stealing" elections from Republicans through hand recounts admitted to the process and even shared the techniques involved.

After Tuesday's vote and an automatic recount still left GOP nominee George W. Bush ahead by a slim 288-vote margin, Palm Beach elections officials decided that a manual recount of all 425,000 votes should be undertaken.

"What's happening in Florida is exactly the game plan laid out to me by an attorney who represented the Democrats in a recount in California where they stole a seat from us," former California Assemblyman Pat Nolan told WorldNetDaily.

A staunch conservative legislator, Nolan served in the California Assembly from 1978 until 1994, when he was convicted, along with several other lawmakers, in a federal corruption probe. After spending a little over two years in federal prison, he emerged to become president of Justice Fellowship, the public policy arm of Watergate figure Chuck Colson's Prison Fellowship Ministries. For the past four years, Nolan has worked with Colson -- another fallen-but-reformed public figure -- to reform the criminal justice system. Regarding the 1980 California Assembly race between Republican Adrian Fondse and Democrat Pat Johnston, Nolan recalled that the Republican won "by about 54 votes or so."

But after the election, Democrats "brought in their junkyard dog lawyers from around the country," said Nolan, "and basically harassed the local registrar --got in their faces and demanded to handle ballots" --which were of the same type now in dispute in Palm Beach.

The same issue of "hanging chads -- the little squares in the punch cards -- was also an issue in Stockton," says Nolan. The Democrats' strategy, he says, was to handle them as often as possible -- perhaps bending, crinkling or otherwise altering them -- so that additional chads become displaced, thereby disqualifying the ballot. The result? In the Stockton election, Nolan said Democrats were successful in getting the vote count reversed from a plus-54 win by Republicans to a minus-17 loss.

"I vowed that I'd never let that happen again," Nolan said. "So I asked my staff to track down the lawyer that headed up the team for the Democrats." Haueter was, at that time, chief of staff for Nolan, and it was he who first contacted attorney Tim Downs, who readily admitted the Democratic strategy and even described the tactics to Nolan.

"When I first called him and explained to him who I was and why I was calling, he chuckled and said, 'I wondered when you guys would get around to calling me,'" Haueter said, adding that Downs told him --"'I've taken several seats from you across the United States.'"

"Downs told me, somewhat tongue-in-cheek, 'You get me within 100 votes and I can steal any election,'" Haueter told WorldNetDaily.

Nolan subsequently hired Downs and "brought him out to train my staff in the techniques they [Democrats] were using" so they could protect themselves against future election-fraud victimization, Nolan said.

Nolan and Haueter said Downs described three basic tactics:

"The first rule is, you keep counting until you're ahead. And if that doesn't put you ahead, you recount, re-recount -- you keep counting until you're ahead. If you're behind, then you've got nothing to lose."

Second, Nolan said, "the more times those ballots are handled, the more chance there is that chads will break loose" and hence disqualify the ballot.

Third, he said, "the minute you're ahead, you stop and declare yourself the victor."

"After that, you don't want the ballots handled any more," Nolan said, "because some of the chads for your candidate might break loose. While you're behind it doesn't matter, but if you're ahead and more break off or become disqualified for your candidate, that's a bad thing."

A favorite tactic, said Nolan, is to ask election officials for ballots, "allegedly so they can look at it more closely." When operatives do, often they will bend or crinkle ballots covertly in an effort to break another chad loose and thus have the ballot thrown out. "This whole process sounds like exactly what is going on in Florida," Nolan said. "And the more times those ballots are handled, the more chances are you'll break some of them [chads] loose."

Nolan referred to Fox News' Tony Snow's weekend interview with Bush campaign representative and former Secretary of State James Baker, in which he asked Baker why -- after each time election officials run ballots through mechanical vote-tally machines -- there have been more votes counted or taken away from both candidates.

"Baker didn't have an answer to that," Nolan said. "But the answer is, because they've handled those ballots more times, breaking loose more of those chads" --those that perhaps weren't completely punched through. "The tactics fit what [Downs] told me back in 1982 and 1983," Nolan said, who added that he didn't know who Downs may have worked with using these tactics recently.

WorldNetDaily attempted to reach Downs by phone on Sunday, but was unsuccessful.

Following a mechanical recount over the weekend, Palm Beach election officials awarded an additional 36 votes to Gore, while Bush lost three.

"A hand count of four selected precincts turned up enough additional votes for Gore to prompt the Democratic majority on the county election commission to order the hand recount in all 531 precincts," the Associated Press reported.

Republicans, news accounts said, lodged "strenuous protests" and pledged to file a lawsuit halting yet another recount of Palm Beach votes. That hearing is scheduled for today.

Reports said nearly 30,000 ballots have already been rejected in Palm Beach County because they had two or more holes punched for president, or because computers could not detect any holes at all. Ballots with two votes also are rejected in hand counts.

Corroborating Haueter's and Nolan's account is a parallel story by Los Angeles-area political strategist Arnold Steinberg. In a National piece titled "Beware of Hanging Chads," Steinberg asks, "Do you know what two words will determine the Presidential election?" The chilling answer, he said: "Hanging chads."

Steinberg, describing a 1980 congressional race between long-time incumbent, Democrat James C. Corman, and Steinberg's client, Republican challenger Bobbi Fiedler, recalls how after Fiedler's upset victory --by a slim margin -- over the heavily favored Corman, the Democrats called for a hand recount.

"Democratic Party lawyers and recount specialists descended on the county registrar's office," says Steinberg. "Each recount station had a government employee to do the counting, flanked by one Democratic and one Republican observer.

"The Democrats' agenda was, of course, to change the election result, and they went about it systematically. At their urging, the recounting began with Corman's strongest precincts, Fiedler's weakest. Their intention was to recount ballots in those areas until the election outcome was reversed, and then stop the recount. Similarly, today in Florida, the Gore people are demanding hand recounts in their favored counties, where they would be most likely to gain." Just as important as the order in which the precincts are recounted, however, is outright ballot tampering, says Steinberg.

"Their hired guns tried lots of tricks on Corman's behalf, but what I remember most was the hanging chads. A chad is the perforated square (or circle) on the ballot that a voter depresses with a pin to indicate his preferred candidate. The chad hangs from the ballot if the voter didn't fully depress it -- for instance, if an older person did not press firmly enough. This matters because voter machines usually are not able to tabulate cards with hanging chads.

"It often comes down to interpreting the voter's intention. Does the chad hang 'strongly' -- i.e, detached only a little -- meaning that it is a mistake that should not be counted? Or does it hang loosely --i.e., mostly detached -- as an intended vote would be?

"What my lawyers soon discovered was that the opposition would eyeball a disputed ballot before picking it up to officially inspect it. If the hanging chad indicated a vote for Fiedler, the lawyer for the other side picked up the ballot ever so carefully, so he could argue that the voter really never intended to vote for Fiedler. If the hanging chad was a Corman vote, the lawyer picked up the ballot quite vigorously, so that the chad soon was no longer hanging.

"'You see,' their guy would declare, 'that voter obviously intended to vote for Corman.'" Luckily, says Steinberg, "it didn't take long to figure out all the opposition's tricks. I added more lawyers, more observers, and the bad guys eventually caved. Bobbi Fiedler's victory was preserved. But it was a nasty business."

Echoing Nolan's and Haueter's experience with manual-vote recounts, Steinberg says, "The more things change, the more they stay the same."


Experts: Hand recount 'trick' inherently biased
Economist, analysts explain statistical manipulation of Gore strategy

By insisting on hand recounts performed only in heavily Democratic counties, Vice President Al Gore's campaign will bias Florida's overall vote count by not including similar recounts in Republican-leaning counties, analysts say. Edward Glaeser, a Harvard economics professor, blasted the selective hand recount in his analysis published in the Wall Street Journal yesterday.

"There is a well-known trick among statistical economists for biasing your data while looking honest," Glaeser wrote. "First, figure out which data points don't agree with your theory. Then zealously clean up the offending data points while leaving the other data alone. The key to maintaining academic dignity is to ensure that you do nothing to the data other than eliminate errors."

"But while this approach may seem to improve accuracy, it actually leads to biased results," he continued. "If you only clean the offending data points, then you will disproportionately keep erroneous data that agrees with your prior views."

Glaeser believes the Gore campaign is using that tactic in Florida, which will result in skewed vote counts in favor of the vice president.

"Hand counting ballots in only a few, carefully chosen counties is a sure way to bias the results," wrote Glaeser. "Even if hand counting is more accurate than machine counting, there is a clear bias introduced because Al Gore chose which counties to hand count. Mr. Gore has selected the state and counties where recounting has the best chance of helping him."

A Minnesota state GOP delegate and former sociologist who worked professionally with statistics echoes Glaeser's observations. Far more important than the possibility of human error in the recount, warns Roleigh Martin, is the inherent problem of "skewed fairness" that will likely occur in Palm Beach County and other areas where hand recounts are being performed in Florida.

"It would be skewed because the fairness is only occurring in an area that is skewed to the Democrats," Martin said.

Should a hand recount be performed in predominantly Republican counties, such as in Florida's conservative panhandle where Bush bested Gore, statistics indicate the Texas governor would garner more new votes than Gore in those areas. In other words, just as a visual examination of ballots in pro-Gore counties will show a gain for the vice president, a hand recount in pro-Bush counties would assuredly result in more votes for the Republican candidate.

One such area is Duval County, which is as Republican as Palm Beach County is Democratic. About 27,000 ballots there were disqualified because either more than one presidential candidate was selected or no candidate was marked. Susan Tucker Johnson, a spokeswoman for Duval County Supervisor of Elections John Stafford, told the Associated Press 21,942 ballots were nullified when voters punched their ballots for two candidates for president. An additional 4,967 did not vote for president or did not punch the ballot hard enough for their vote to be registered, she said. The disqualified ballots represent about 9 percent of the 291,626 cast last Tuesday. Bush carried Duval County by more than 44,000 votes.

Mike Langton, chairman of the northeast Florida Gore campaign, said he would have called for a recount in Duval County had he known how many ballots had been disqualified there. Langton claims the county supervisor of elections told him only 200 to 300 votes had been disqualified. It is now too late for anyone to request additional hand recounts in Florida, as such requests must be made within 72 hours of an election.

Glaeser says the only way to ensure hand recounts accurately indicate the winner of the presidential election is to perform them in all of the nation's states where the race was tight. "If there is to be recounting by hand, it cannot be selective," the economist wrote. "There needs to be total hand counting, not just within Florida, but across the U.S. in any state that was close. One candidate cannot be allowed just to choose where he wants the data cleaned."