Subject: FDA Considers "Possibly" authorizing certain health claims on vitamins by October 10th Still Are Totally Ignoring Judges Decision from the Pearson Decision: See Federal Register Below
From: "International Advocates for Health Freedom"
Date: Fri, 06 Oct 2000 15:47:11 -0400

All Webmasters: Please post.

IAHF List:

I just discussed the FDA's Federal Register Announcement below with Sandy Shaw because it refers directly to the Judges decision in the Durk Pearson/Sandy Shaw lawsuit which they won against the FDA wherein the Judge ordered the FDA to allow for health claims to be made on the 4 matters cited below. See the FDA's Federal Register notice at (text copied below)

We will have to see what FDA in fact DOES regarding this by October 10, because there is STILL no guarantee that FDA will authorize ANY of these claims, even after the Judge has ORDERED them to. Sandy Shaw told me that at the least they expect them to authorize the claim on omega 3 fatty acids in the prevention of heart disease since even the American Heart Association acknowledges its truth, but they might STILL drag their feet on authorizing the other valid claims which could force Durk and Sandy Shaw to take them to court AGAIN!

It is a total outrage as well as a criminal act that FDA has taken this long (months) to CONSIDER implementing a Judges decision involving a First amendment free speech court decision wherein the Judge ORDERED the FDA to stop blocking these truthful health claims on dietary supplements, and its still more evidence supporting the fact that the only thing protecting literally ANY of our rights is our 2nd amendment right to bear arms- and it shouldn't be too hard to figure out based on this situation with the FDA why the ruling elite are trying so hard to strip us of our arms. Politicians and bureaucrats prefer unarmed peasants, thats the only way they can force us into a totalitarian world government under the UN and the only way they can force us to harmonize our dietary supplement laws to grossly restrictive Codex vitamin standards currently under (ahem) "development" by the Codex Alimentarius Commission which is run diametrically opposite our whole system of representative government and which is dominated by pharmaceutical interests, with us allegedly being "represented" by Beth Yetley of FDA, (an unelected bureaucrat who isn't the least bit accountable to the people of America, only to the whim of pharmaceutical interests which pull her strings.)

[Federal Register: October 3, 2000 (Volume 65, Number 192)]
[Rules and Regulations]
[Page 58917-58918]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access []



Food and Drug Administration

21 CFR Part 101

[Docket Nos. 91N-0101, 91N-0098, 91N-0103, and 91N-100H]
RIN 0910-AA19

Food Labeling: Health Claims and Labeling Statements; Dietary Fiber and Cancer; Antioxidant Vitamins and Cancer; Omega-3 Fatty Acids and Coronary Heart Disease; Folate and Neural Tube Defects; Revocation

AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS.

ACTION: Final rule.


SUMMARY: The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is revoking its regulations codifying the agency's decision not to authorize the use of health claims for four substance-disease relationships in the labeling of foods, including dietary supplements: Dietary fiber and cancer, antioxidant vitamins and cancer, omega-3 fatty acids and coronary heart disease, and the claim that 0.8 milligram (mg) of folate in dietary supplement form is more effective in reducing the risk of neural tube defects than a lower amount in conventional food. This action is being taken in response to a decision of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit invalidating these regulations and directing FDA to reconsider whether to authorize the four health claims. This action will result in the removal of the regulations but does not constitute FDA authorization of the four claims. FDA is completing its reconsideration of the claims and expects to issue decisions on all four claims by October 10, 2000.

DATES: This rule is effective October 3, 2000.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: James E. Hoadley, Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (HFS-832), Food and Drug Administration, 200 C St. SW., Washington, DC 20204, 202-205-5429.


I. Background

In the Federal Register of January 6, 1993, FDA issued final rules announcing its decision not to authorize the use of health claims for four substance-disease relationships in the labeling of conventional foods. (See 58 FR 2537 (dietary fiber and cancer); 58 FR 2622 (antioxidant vitamins and cancer); 58 FR 2682 (omega-3 fatty acids and coronary heart disease); and 58 FR 2606 (folic acid \1\ and neural tube defects\2\)). Soon after, FDA proposed in the Federal Register of October 14, 1993 (58 FR 53296), not to authorize use of three of the four claims in the labeling of dietary supplements. In October 1993, after further review of evidence on the relationship between folate and reduced risk of neural tube defects, FDA proposed to authorize a health claim for this relationship (58 FR 53254, October 14, 1993); however, the agency proposed not to allow such claims to include a statement that folate from one source is more effective in reducing the risk of neural tube defects than folate from another source. Both proposals became final by operation of law on December 31, 1993. (See 59 FR 395, January 4, 1994 (dietary fiber and cancer, antioxidant vitamins and cancer, and omega-3 fatty acids and coronary heart disease); 59 FR 433, January 4, 1994 (folate and neural tube defects).) FDA's decisions not to authorize these four claims are codified in Sec. 101.71(a) (21 CFR 101.71(a)) (dietary fiber and cancer); Sec. 101.71(c) (antioxidant vitamins and cancer); Sec. 101.71(e) (omega-3 fatty acids and coronary heart disease); and Sec. 101.79(c)(2)(i)(G) (21 CFR 101.79(c)(2)(i)(G)) (claims comparing effectiveness of folate from different sources).


\1\ In its original health claim evaluation, FDA used the term "folic acid" to describe this B vitamin. Later, the agency decided that the broader term "folate" was more scientifically accurate because that term encompasses both synthetic and naturally occurring forms of the vitamin, whereas folic acid refers only to the synthetic form (see 58 FR 53254 at 53257 through 53258 and 53280, October 14, 1993). Accordingly, this rule uses the term "folate." The two terms may be used interchangeably in food labeling.

\2\ Neural tube defects are birth defects of the brain or spinal cord. Spina bifida and anencephaly are the most common types of neural tube defects.


Several dietary supplement marketers and nonprofit organizations that had submitted comments during FDA's health claims rulemakings filed suit in Federal district court on constitutional and statutory grounds seeking, among other things, authorization to make the following health claims for use in the labeling of dietary supplements: "Consumption of fiber may reduce the risk of colorectal cancer," "Consumption of antioxidant vitamins may reduce the risk of certain kinds of cancer," "Consumption of omega-3 fatty acids may reduce the risk of coronary heart disease," and "0.8 mg of folic acid in a dietary supplement is more effective in reducing the risk of neural tube defects than a lower amount in foods in common form." The district court ruled for FDA in all respects

[[Page 58918]]

(Pearson v. Shalala, 14 F. Supp. 2d 10 (D.D.C. 1998)); however, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit reversed the district court's decision. The court of appeals held the regulations codifying FDA's decision not to authorize the four health claims invalid and instructed FDA to reconsider the four health claims (Pearson v. Shalala, 164 F.3d 650 (D.C. Cir. 1999)).

In the Nutrition Labeling and Education Act of 1990, Congress made health claims for dietary supplements subject to a procedure and standard to be established by FDA (see section 403(r)(5)(D) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the act) (21 U.S.C. 343(r)(5)(D)). FDA adopted the same procedure for health claims in dietary supplement labeling that Congress had prescribed for health claims in the labeling of conventional foods (see section 403(r)(3) and (r)(4) of the act). This procedure requires the evidence supporting a health claim to be presented to FDA for review before the claim may appear in labeling. Unless and until FDA adopts a regulation authorizing the claim, a dietary supplement bearing the claim is subject to regulatory action as a misbranded food (see section 403(r)(1)(B) of the act, a misbranded drug (see section 502(f)(1) of the act (21 U.S.C. 352(f)(1)), and as an unapproved new drug (see section 505(a) of the act (21 U.S.C. 355(a)).

Recently, the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia denied the Pearson plaintiffs' motion for a preliminary injunction granting them immediate permission to make the four health claims that FDA is reconsidering. In their motion, the plaintiffs argued that because the court of appeals had invalidated the regulations codifying FDA's decision not to authorize the four claims, the claims should be permitted in dietary supplement labeling if accompanied by disclaimers suggested by the court of appeals. The district court rejected this argument. The court's decision said in part that a preliminary injunction was not in order because the plaintiffs may not bypass FDA's pre-clearance process for health claims. "Plaintiffs' fatal assumption is that the Court of Appeals' invalidation of the regulations allows them to now make their health claims with disclaimers, without any further pre-clearance by FDA. It does not. Invalidation of the regulations merely puts plaintiffs back at square one, which means they must again go through the pre-clearance process * * *." (Pearson v. Shalala, No. Civ. A. 95-1865, 2000 WL 767584, at *2 (D.D.C. May 24, 2000)).

Thus, while FDA is revoking the regulations codifying its original decision not to authorize the four health claims that were challenged in Pearson, such claims still may not be used in labeling pending reconsideration of these claims by FDA. FDA expects to complete its reconsideration of the four claims and issue a decision on each claim by October 10, 2000.

II. Effective Date

The Administrative Procedure Act and FDA regulations provide that an agency may dispense with notice-and-comment rulemaking procedures when the agency for good cause finds that such procedures are impracticable, unnecessary, or contrary to the public interest (5 U.S.C. 553(b)(3)(B); Sec. 10.40(e)(1) (21 CFR 10.40(e)(1))). Because this final rule is being issued in response to a court order, FDA finds that notice and comment are unnecessary. In addition, the Commissioner of Food and Drugs finds good cause under 5 U.S.C. 553(d)(3) and Sec. 10.40(c)(4)(ii) to make this final rule effective upon publication.

List of Subjects in 21 CFR Part 101

Food labeling, Nutrition, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements.

Therefore, under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act and under authority delegated to the Commissioner of Food and Drugs, 21 CFR part 101 is amended as follows:


1. The authority citation for 21 CFR part 101 continues to read as follows:

Authority: 15 U.S.C. 1453, 1454, 1455; 21 U.S.C. 321, 331, 342, 343, 348, 371.

Sec. 101.71 [Amended]

2. Section 101.71 Health claims: claims not authorized is amended by removing paragraphs (a), (c), and (e); and by redesignating paragraph (b) as paragraph (a), and paragraph (d) as paragraph (b).

Sec. 101.79 [Amended]

3. Section 101.79 Health claims: Folate and neural tube defects is amended by removing paragraph (c)(2)(i)(G), and by redesignating paragraph (c)(2)(i)(H) as (c)(2)(i)(G).

Dated: September 25, 2000.
William K. Hubbard,
Senior Associate Commissioner for Policy, Planning, and Legislation.
[FR Doc. 00-25352 Filed 10-2-00; 8:45 am]