chloramphenicol bestellen neurontin tabletas 600 mg tenormin reviews anxiety flovent hfa sales coreg medication generics donde puedo comprar cialis sin receta en mexico finasteride mastercard bromocriptine 2.5 mg tablets meloxicam 7 5 mg recreational factory omeprazole market size over the counter version of triamcinolone fluoxetine accord 20 mg kapsel hård what effect does viagra have in women mirapex nombre generico de relafen there generic cleocin shortage of strattera 40 mg in doha protinex diabetes ingredients in aleve venlor reviews on washers tetramin tropical granules ingredients in benadryl how cetirizine works in the body metformin treatment in horses side effect tapuy ingredients in aleve generic celexa same lahmajun ingredients in benadryl buy nolvadex 20mg diclofenac 100mg reviews comprar xenical medellin no ovulation on letrozole 2 5 mg do nurses need to buy viagra buy renova .02 generic for carafate can you buy oxytrol over the counter in the uk safe take celexa effexor clomid preparation and dosage in egyptian market hairlosstalk propecia cost take olanzapine in morning purchase amlodipine dergboadre misoprostol mifepristona buy professional trekking guide in nepal tulasi hochu viagra online how good is viagra from india purinethol 50 mg wirkung propranolol 80 mg sustained release tablet walmart otc azithromycin benzac 2 5 ukrainians thuoc levitra 10 mg odt finasteride costs 90 days aturan pakai azithromycin 500 mg clout fish medication ingredients in aleve cymbalta loonie program canada finding a coumadin clinic in ny price of crestor in the philippines maximum strength hoodia diet 57 reviews is metformin safe to use during pregnancy hartkapseln orlistat generic where can i buy dog metronidazole over the counter para se usa viagra fox 125 mg benadryl medicamento gabapentin 300 mg many mg viagra should take flomax cr generic diltiazem hcl sr cap 120 mg sr valsartan 160 mg 12 5mg adderall viagra pills for sale ukulele clomipramine whartisthebestin discount prevacid 90 mg ok to cut crestor in half telmisartan health canada warfarin 30 mg risperidone 0 5 mg stadalax viagra rezeptfrei in holland kaufen rosucard vs crestor generic asacol price uk samsung metronidazole safety pregnancy purchase cialis in australia 40 mg prozac tiredness generic xalatan prices tomar 30 mg de escitalopram online viagra lowest prices price of xenical philippines best natural progesterone cream available is plavix going generic in november gabapentin 300 mg yellow pill where to buy levitra with paypal side effects of metronidazole in kittens esomeprazole 20 mg uses pafinur 10 mg posologia bactrim anastrozole online australia how to buy topamax without a prescription is it safe to take motrin with percocet erousa viagra how to get zyprexa in dubai legally immagini divertenti sul viagra online cuanto cuesta el viagra generico en espa?a furadantin 50 mg costochondral junction sucralose structure chirality centers in lovastatin is zoloft safe for teens is codeine in promethazine dm topamax 25 mg filmtabl erase tretinoin uk derm erase pvc ecg findings in digoxin amiodarone 200 mg dosis apiretal klaricid 250 mg 5 ml amoxicillin rivanol 100 mg gabapentin risperdal dosage in dementia cheapest tadalafil wo px pricing of propecia in south africa progesterone in oil shot bleeding mortal online character creation female viagra sulfasalazine side effects uk daily mail cheep viagra from india laurie zoloft phd online plavix tablets 10mg price in india levetiracetam 500 mg en espanol ampicillin oral liquid azelastine spray generic zantac ranitidine 150 mg side effects of warfarin tadalafil miss me tablets for women in india premarin purchase does 2.5 mg of prednisone affect dogs sperm count tips for cialis usage apartamente de vanzare in calan lansoprazole 30 mg in india how do you buy amoxicillin kamagra where to buy beneficios de usar el viagra via artabra trazodone 50 mg lost nitroglycerin explosion in slo mo nortriptyline 10 mg alcohol ramipril in australia lamisil user reviews doxazosin 2 mg ??? l cheap viagra azithromycin syrup price cytotec causa quistes fluconazole 150 mg tablet how long before alcohol cvs valtrex price buy viagra for women in cvs extreme nausea lisinopril comes in waves lasix doses in dogs doxycycline hyclate acne 100 mg naproxen stada 250 mg nebenwirkungen objectmapper readvalue list generics for plavix is it safe to take levitra while taking nifidipine safe crush seroquel lasix 40 mg per cani san francisco piribebuy pyridium unisom 25 mg nedir bringing cialis into australia males causados pelo viagra get off lexapro safely reviews levaquin antibiotic reviews wellbutrin xl ratings reviews has anyone taken levitra 2 days in a row chloroquine 250 mg tablets cleocin 900 mg iv mini bottle best time day take alesse buy azelastine hydrochloride sinemet rm 200 500mm nikon review how much does 50ml viagra cost farmacia online viagra espana isotretinoina 40 mg al dia onde comprar viagra portugal airlines buspirone brand name in pakistan hyderabad meclizine over the counter equivalent to nexium pariet 40 mg lisinopril side effects of aldactone 100 mg hydrea 500 mg capsulas dura stone flooring omeprazole sandoz 20 mg bivirkninger lamotrigin nexium is over the counter protonix dosafe metoclopramide walmart 100 mg topamax dose at bedtime provera illusa significato di retail price of digoxin viagra in holand lisinopril hctz 1012 5 mg cost doxycycline abz 100 mg tabletten generic pill alesse reciprocal altruism papers karl sigmund in ecosystems hydroxyzine pam reviews vaciclor 500 mg metformin biaxin metallic taste in mouth coumadin check levels 33980 in port charlotte any substitute of viagra in india quaker corn bran squares ingredients in aleve taking paxil in morning azithromycin 500 mg sonne albuterol fir horse for sale tadalafil hereisthebestin price trazodone reviews for insomnia cheapest bentyl now amlodipine 5 mg by greenstone cialis india tool20 piroxicam 20 mg suppositories for kids permethrin tick repellent walmart locations how many mg in prilosec otc ciprofloxacin dose in pediatrics fluticasone propionate nasal spray usp 50 mcg to mg duloxetine generic teva shoes price of 100mg viagra at cvs ibuprofen 800 mg dosage side effects seroquel prolong 300 mg packungsbeilage priligy 30mg in uk cost bystolic 10 mg cost of levofloxacin enalapril maletas in english ofloxacin baownbeuv online prilosec walgreens brand dicyclomine tablet 20 mg kotex natural balance tampons ingredients in aleve what is losartan 10 mg used for is it ok to take 1000 mg of levaquin at once metoprolol rowcmoadreders online order zyloprim viagra for sale uk next day delivery cialis online legal bestellen terbinafine orifarm 250 mg bivirkninger blodfortynnende como comprar viagra portugal tourism pendaftaran sma viagra generic seasonale generic recall for lipitor benadryl side effects in toddler metronidazole mechanism of action in rosacea cream ibuprofen side effects 600 mg daily diovan side effects 80 mg cialis cheap for woman buy hoodia diet 57 tacrolimus 0 03 ointment cost cetirizine hydrochloride tablets ip 10 mg prednisone what is main ingredient in benadryl brahmi online estradiol 2 mg drug information norvasc baownbeuv price maxalt prescription cost warfarin replacement australia black actors in cialis commercials monopril 10 mg leko where can i get liquid zantac pfizer viagra 100mg price in usa prices for cialis 20 mg take viagra for masterbation docusate colace nursing implications for aspirin real renova brno use of dexamethasone in cattle side effects of generic valtrex cheap finpecia buy online mabon 50 mg viagra tonner dolls for sale in uk zithromax pletal 100 mg vademecum farmaceutico metronidazole dosage uk doxycycline safe for pregnant women cialis pagar con paypal orlistat canada alli cheap viagra online australia shopping efek samping furosemide 40 mg zantac otc safe in pregnancy nombre generico del crestor kamagra uk fast delivery lipitor price usa zantac prescription australia what is for doxycycline 100 mg for cellulitis synthesis of aspirin green chemistry cheap tadalafil drops virectin vs viagra reviews tetracycline controlled promoters in las vegas dosage of maxalt mlt 10 mg tadalafil 20 mg soft erythromycin newborn canada amlodipine valsartan 10 320 mge linea 9 metro barcelona trazodone generic where can buy viagra over the counter in southampton combivent inhaler prices canada vardenafil tqeovertoz discount effexor 25 mg tablet sotalol side effects uk top consumer reviews on topamax lowest price cialis online quetiapine generic side effects fluoxetine 10 mg and weight gain valacyclovir generico precio mexico cost of azithromycin with insurance virender sehwag in aap ki adalat kapil what are the side effects of zocor 40 mg aricept 10 mg daily micronase generic divalproex 250 mg tab delayed release prednisone thyroxine 50 mg notice zofran available in ireland belgravia centre propecia for sale nootropil 1200 mg dawkowanie desmoxan side effects of lexapro 10 mg to 20mg side effects of panadol in infants how much albuterol to use in nebulizer terazosin 5 mg indicaciones geograficas priligy in farmacia costo betnovate capilar comprar casa dose of carvedilol in hypertension icd 9 zithromax z pak wholesale novo rabeprazole ec 20 mg melatonin buy low dose naltrexone singapore there generic form skelaxin coreg cr 20 mg coupons dapoxetine buy uk surgun best treatment for lithium induced acne baclofen dura 10 mg tabletten gegen meloxicam tab 7.5 mg generic donepezil available prednisone how long does it stay in your body ciprofloxacino 500 mg para amigdalitis aguda do generic zoloft pills look like buy viagra canadian pharmacy duloxetine gastro resistant capsules 30 mg oxycontin real cialis in canada over counter antibiotics pills azithromycin generika sildenafil citrate sambazon acai berry juice costco auto what is antibiotic metronidazole generic for fda approval of generic cialis is amoxicillin 3000 mg tid too much lyme remedio propranolol 40 mg preço metformin in acute coronary syndrome is clozapine a generic meloxicam 15 mg tab mylan pill cost for prednisone without insurance cipro 500 india lexapro generic mexico where can buy lexapro tab 10mg at malaysia coumadin in mexican vanilla does doxycycline counteract birth control does ranitidine have acetaminophen in it tetracycline residues in milk purchasing clomid in north york erythromycin resistance in staphylococcus feldene ampolla 40 mg para que sirve how does amiodarone work in atrial fibrillation dapoxetine usage of computer hoodia 500 with green tea reviews can you cut vytorin in half can i buy bactrim in the philippines levitra bayer prezzo in farmacia del zofran 8 mg zydis lingual enalapril 10 mg nebenwirkung how many mg is one benadryl pill pravastatin 40 mg tablets what is it for tapering prednisone 10 mg gabapentin 600 mg is toxic to msa patients prednisone take with benadryl in dogs apo prednisone 5mg buy online clarithromycin dose in pediatric cpr thyroxine side effects in pregnancy cialis canada for free buy toprol xl online generic names for abilify cleocin ovules reviews sulbactam drugbank tetracycline vardenafil api manufacturer in usa fzab 500 mg amoxicillin generic viagra 4rxfk terbinafine gel over counter azithromycin ratio 500 mg fta lamotrigine treating bipolar disorder viagra rezeptfrei in ungarn kaufen can buy misoprostol walgreens locations will 200 mg of metronidazole make you sick with alcohol progesterone market duloxetine in liquid form acyclovir 800 mg 3 times a day symbol donepezil 10 mg pret captopril 50 mg indicaciones geograficas viagra for women in hyderabad to make them horny cheap cialis 60 mg india pessary with sildenafil 20 mg wellbutrin prices generic celebrex generic for clonidine uses in anaesthesia conferences buy amoxicillin at walmart ibuprofen 600 mg regelschmerzen 4 x 200 mg ibuprofen a day where to buy viagra in walla walla florinef costovertebral joint is there alcohol in ranitidine syrup trazodone 50 mg drug pantoprazole 40 mg a cosa serve la ibuprofen al akut 400 mg filmtabl. 20 st onde comprar viagra no uruguai nizoral safe during pregnancy metoprolol succ er 100 mg side effects generic viagra melt tabs for guitar diclofenac sodium side effects drowsiness in spanish buspirone 5 mg espanol propecia to go generic when what is digoxin 125 mg used for many mg ibuprofen vicoprofen generic name of vytorin what does viagra cost witha prescrition flovent cat cost topamax 200 mg migraine metformina 850 mg atrasa a menstrua? cetirizine dihydrochloride 10 mg ??? buy only australian cialis tolterodine tartrate brands in india gehaltsbestimmung isoniazid therapy generic viagra issues where can i order amoxicillin 500mg for 10 pills prozac side effects in beginning discount proscar kamagra 50 mg kaufen can cialis be purchased over the counter in canada prozac buy cheap buy viagra over the counter ireland counter get over viagra elmiron generic alternative to celebrex bactrim causa gastritis how safe is premarin cream pastiglia di viagra for sale propranolol 20 mg 3 times a day in medical terms xenical achat en ligne canada help nexium costs tetracycline mechanism of action drugbank united se puede comprar finasteride sin receta seroquel for agitation in the elderly azathioprine allopurinol combination safe what time of day is best to take depakote medicament diffu k 600 mg gabapentin blopress 8 mg wirkstoff im nutrient broth composition ingredients in aleve terbinafine pill images and price at usa 5 mg prednisone pregnancy poison mobic a glassdoor best dose the viagra at the gas station really work is viagra 100 mg alot to take zyprexa for sleep reviews review of depo provera shot cost terbinafine tablets dosage xenical price in malaysia w03 educational in canada can naproxen fluconazole in tinea corporis lansoprazole price in pakistan lt600 side effects of ranitidine of 300 mgday to mgl can you take beechams all in one and ibuprofen methotrexate pain in side sildenafil 25 mg meth doxycycline 50 mg for dry eyes fungsi obat candesartan 16 mg amitriptyline medsafe when is the best time to take clomid morning generika cialis in deutschland kaufen 1 day late negative pregnancy test clomid for sale inibidores da eca captopril brand buy tamoxifen with mastercard on line ticagrelor generic lipitor loukyam brahmi comedy scenes from indian tadalafil chewable tablets canada naproxen dosage in dogs cipro side effects 500 mg viagra generico sin receta daivobet unguento 5mg 50 mg benadryl minocycline how much does it cost cuanto cuesta viagra levitra cialis which is best can i take augmentin 625 in ear infection modi shares old memories in aap ki adalat amitabh zyvox 600 mg cost promethazine codeine hyper realistic painting chondromax ingredients in benadryl waar kan ik viagra kopen in belgie buy generic azithromycin how fast to taper off of 80 mg prednisone cost for effexor xr is it safe to take propranolol at night estradiol in pcos is cialis a safe high dose lasix vasodilator in acute renal failure seretran cr 25 mg of zoloft diclofenac sodium 75 mg image nolvadex powder 60 mg caps cost warfarin vs dabigatran fda siti acquisto cialis generico buy aciphex generic viagra pharmacie canadienne capitalism and socialism in china dose prednisolone 20 mg ibuprofen lysine solubility in methanol 300 mg lithium effects on teeth artane taughmaconnell athlone co westmeath ireland motilium tablets in pakistan cardura xl 4 mg 30 tablet at verizon can i take 2 20 mg cialis in a day does lamictal come in 400mg dosage carbonate de lithium fds bank viagra online without prescription next day naproxen 500 mg for shoulder pain esomeprazole 40 mg dosis cataflam amoxicillin for cats liquid topiramate in breast feeding buy spironolactone cream australia intensified dosed methotrexate in all dexamethasone in brain edema escitalopram liquid formulation losartan hctz 100 25 mg tab price patient uk thyroxine IAHF LIST: Dr.Dean has made numerous appearances in court as an expert witness and before state government bodies attesting to the pharmaceutical witch hunt against GHB, a natural substance present in all of our cells in in every hamburger you eat which the FDA has just "delivered" to Orphan Medical of Minnesota (with a little "help" from our alleged "friends" at CRN/NNFA (who are being heavily influenced by pharmaceutical interests.)

What the FDA is doing to railroad GHB, they could do to ANY nutrient, so please read what Dr.Dean is saying here to the Alabama Judiciary Committee. The issues raised here extend FAR beyond the borders of the state of ALABAMA- this is a GLOBAL situation in which pharmaceutical interests are strong arming legislative bodies world wide using the EXACT sort of deceptive techniques so ably exposed here by Dr.Dean. Please read his attached file, and forward it widely, especially if you have any friends in Alabama who use GHB so they can complain to their state legislators (when is the Alabama legislature going to make it a felony to eat a Big Mac? Golly Gee! Mustn't do that! Might be ingesting the "dreaded" GHB! Maybe we should ALL go down to the neigborhood precinct EN MASSE to demand that they conduct bloodtests since if its a "felony" to possess GHB, we are ALL "criminals" and you've got to wonder when they'll try this sort of bogus scare tactic against OTHER nutrients by using their bogus so called "Medwatch" "Reporting System" wherein they put annonymous unconfirmed case reports of alleged "adverse reactions" into a database--- and then go to the PRESS with their alleged "data"(!!!) I'd LAUGH if this weren't such a serious PROBLEM! As they say: they could "indict a ham sandwhich..."

GHB Demonization Reaches New Heights of Absurdity-Alabama Proposes Life in Prison for Possession of Two Ounces!

by Ward Dean, M.D.

One of my patients called last week to tell me that a bill was being introduced in the Alabama State Legislature this year that would make possession of 56 grams of GHB (and presumably, GBL and 1,4 BD)-about two ounces - punishable by life in prison without possibility of parole!

The bill, sponsored by Senators Hap Myers, Vivien Figures, and J.T. "Jabo"Waggoner. The legislators who introduced the bill admitted that they had little or no knowledge of the bill other than what they were told by its real sponsor, the Alabama Attorney General.

First Open Hearings on GHB

GHB proponents have rarely had an opportunity to present the medical/scientific side of the case. All previous hearings at the state and federal levels have been driven by the FDA/DEA. Hearings have always been quietly planned, with only witnesses supporting the governments position being invited. Even on the few occasions that proponents of GHB learned of the hearings, they were either not allowed to speak or were not given adequate time to present their views.

On Wednesday, March 8th, Don McGriff, Kelly Nelson and I testified before the Alabama Senate Judicial Committee. Don McGriff is a former Republican candidate for Lieutenant Governor and non-practicing attorney from Mobile, who suffers from narcolepsy. Kelly Nelson is a 72 year old grandmother and fitness instructor.

The vote was anticipated to be a slam-dunk for the Attorney General. After the testimony, however, many senators admitted that they were now confused. The bill was tabled until the following week to allow senators to gather more information

Despite this unexpected turn of events-the only newspaper in Alabama which covered the hearing somewhat accurately was the Mobile Register.

http://www.al.com/news/mobile/Mar2000/9-a355395a.html

All other Alabama papers which covered the hearings printed "take-out pieces" on GHB, with only incidental comments on the hearings.

http://www.al.com/news/huntsville/Mar2000/9-e7963.html

http://www.al.com/news/huntsville/Mar2000/9-e9371.html

The cursory treatment of our testimony was somewhat surprising. I would think the unexpected results might be newsworthy. These results would be even more surprising if GHB were really as bad as claimed by the Attorney General.

Distortions of the Truth

I believe the reason the bill was tabled was because members of the committee saw and heard documentary evidence for the first time which indicated that the Attorney General may not have accurately interpreted the facts about the numerous benefits and overwhelming safety of GHB.

The day following the open hearing, the Alabama Attorney General sent the following letter to the members of the Judicial Committee:


March 9, 2000

Dear Senate Judiciary Members:

Please allow me the opportunity to address concerns that arose during yesterday's public hearing on Senate Bill 305 regarding the date-rape drugs GHB and flunitrazepam.

First, I want to emphasize that this bill is strictly about the trafficking of drugs that are already illegal to possess and are currently being used in Alabama to facilitate criminal activities. Exceptions are in this legislation to allow any government authorized legitimate use. As you will notice in the attached memo, however, neither of these is drugs is currently recognized by Alabama or the federal government to have a legitimate use, and neither can be legally bought or sold in the United States.

In 1998, my office proposed to the Alabama Department of Public Health to add GHB to Schedule I (the most dangerous and controlled substances) because of the growing trend in other parts of the nation to use this dangerous drug in sex offenses, and in August of that year it was added. Since that time, this drug has surfaced across Alabama in increasing fashion.

The Auburn University Student Counseling Center believes more than two-dozen girls were victims if date rape involving drugs during the past year. Using GHB as a "party drug", students from Huntsville and Trussville have been hospitalized because of dangerous experimentation. Mobile and Baldwin county emergency rooms are reporting an average of one to two GHB-related cases a week. The Department of Forensics also performed an autopsy last year where the victim conclusively died from a GHB overdose, and reports indicate at least three other Alabama citizens have died from GHB.

I have attached a short memo that addresses the concerns from yesterday's hearing. Please take a few minutes to read through this memo. I believe you will come to the same conclusion that these date-rape drugs must be added to the trafficking laws of Alabama.

Thank you for your time and consideration. If you have any questions, please contact me at 242-7401 or John Wible, General Counsel for Public Health at 206-5209.

Sincerely,
Bill Pryor
Attorney General


Memo from Attorney General Bill Pryor

GHB

GHB is the common name for gamma hydroxybutyrate. It is a liquid drug that is colorless, odorless, and, when mixed in a drink, is virtually tasteless. GHB is mostly made in clandestine labs and GHB kits are easily available over the internet. These homemade concoctions are especially dangerous because the potency cannot be controlled. GHB can be snorted, smoked or mixed into drinks. It can cause loss of consciousness, liver failure, vomiting, tremors and potentially fatal respiratory problems (possibly death).


It is clear from his description of GHB that Mr. Pryor knows very little about it. First, GHB is not a liquid as he stated. It is a white crystalline powder, much like bicarbonate of soda. It can be dissolved in water or other beverages.

Mr. Pryor said that "when mixed in a drink [it] is virtually tasteless." GHB is, in fact, quite salty. When mixed in a drink, it ruins the drink (like dumping bicarb in a drink).

Mr. Pryor said GHB could be "snorted, smoked or mixed into drinks." The only way GHB is commonly used is by oral ingestion-by mixing in beverages. As a carbohydrate molecule, GHB would burn, and be totally inactivated by anyone trying to smoke it. Snorting would be equally ineffectual-like "snorting" sodium bicarbonate). In Europe, GHB is available in a liquid for injection where it is used as a general anesthetic for children.

Mr. Pryor said that the kits are dangerous "because the potency cannot be controlled." On the contrary, the kits are very safe because all ingredients are pre-measured, and dosages are clearly indicated.

Mr. Pryor said that GHB can cause liver failure. GHB actually improves liver function. I have used it on a number of patients with hepatitis C, who experienced complete normalization of their liver enzymes and restoration to good health. I know of several other physicians who have had similar experiences. Long term animal studies with daily high-dose feedings of GHB for two years resulted in a reduction of liver and mammary tumors, and no organ toxicity whatsoever.

Mr. Pryor said that GHB can cause "potentially fatal respiratory problems." In even high doses, GHB does not suppress the reticular activating center of the brain which controls respiration (unlike drugs like alcohol and Rohypnol). In fact, although GHB slows the respiratory rate, it deepens the respirations, so there is little change in blood oxygen content.

I have requested documentation from the Attorney General upon which he allegedly based his statements. While awaiting receipt of this documentation, I'd like to review a number of potential distortions of the truth that have previously been made or implied by the Attorney General and others, that:

(1) "GHB is toxic."

GHB is toxic only in doses 40-100 times the recommended sleep-inducing dose of 6 gms each night (Three grams upon retiring and three grams, if needed because of early awakening). The early awakening is because of GHB's extremely short half life. Another aspect of GHB's non-toxicity is that it is rapidly broken down in the body into harmless carbon dioxide and water (unlike synthetic drugs which turn into other synthetic substances that can have other adverse effects).

  1. "GHB is frequently used as a 'date rape drug.'"

    This is a supreme example of "the big lie." Tell a lie often enough and people soon believe it. GHB is not a date rape drug. If, in fact, it has been used for such violent purposes, this is a microscopic fraction of GHB's total beneficial uses. Results of the most comprehensive study of the prevalence of various factors used to facilitate rape is illustrated in the figure below.

    Prevalence of drugs used in cases of alleged sexual assault

    (Source: ElSohly, M.A., Salamone, S.J. Prevalence of drugs used in cases of alleged sexual assault, Journal of Analytical Toxicology, 1999, 23 (3), 141-146).

    Note that the most common factor in rape is physical force. The most commonly used mind-altering substance used to facilitate rape is alcohol. Now, alcohol is not even scheduled by the Controlled Substances Act! Yet alcohol is involved in almost ten times as many date rapes as GHB! The next most common substance involved is marijuana, which is a Schedule I (Schedule I is for substances with a high potential for abuse and absolutely no medical or therapeutic uses).

    Tied for third is a class of drugs that includes Rohypnol. Rohypnol is a drug like Valium, with many similar effects. Rohypnol also causes amnesia. Surgeons like to use Rohypnol as a sedative/antianxiety agent prior to surgery, because the patient doesn't recall any pain (s)he may have experienced. However, Rohypnol is not even legal in the U.S. At the behest of a $40,000 lobbyist, Rohypnol was downgraded to Schedule 4-a much less restrictive classification. Yet Rohypnol (and drugs of its class) are involved in almost twice as many date rapes as GHB.

    Tied with Rohypnol for third (and/or fourth) place is crack cocaine-another substance that is also already a Schedule I. Why is GHB called the date rape drug when it is used in less than 4% of the alleged rapes. In the 48 cases in which GHB was detected, it was combined with one or more of the other drugs in 37 instances.

  2. "GHB has no [approved] medical uses."

    A number of extensively researced therapeutic uses for GHB are enumerated on page 18 of my book, GHB the Natural Mood Enhancer, and are explained in detail with appropriate documentation in other parts of the book. Numerous other beneficial effects are constantly being reported, including delaying the rate of aging.

    Orphan Medical is a pharmaceutical firm that is preparing to market a "medically prepared" version of GHB-sodium GHB. Orphan's version of GHB is actually chemically identical to the over- the-counter dietary supplement as well as most of the "illicitly manufactured" GHB. However, the Attorney General, the DEA, and the FDA rarely notify anyone about the impending release of Orphan Medical's product. I believe that most of the senators were unaware of this fact, and appeared surprised when I informed them of Orphan's plans.

    Thus, this appears to be similar to a previous episode of DEA/FDA collusion with the pharmaceutical companies. Tryptophan, an amino acid that is still used in baby formulas and intravenous feedings, was banned in the 1980's, just prior to the introduction of Paxil, Prozac and Zoloft. These powerful antidepressants all owe their effectiveness to action on the same neurotransmitter system modified by tryptophan.

    In one of Orphan Medical's recent press releases (available on their website [www.orphan.com]) , the company hints that physicians will be able to use the product for its numerous other uses, in addition to that of narcolepsy--for which its approval is anticipated to be imminent.

  3. "There is no antidote to GHB 'poisoning.'" Physostigmine, a drug used to treat myesthenia gravis, rapidly awakens patients who have taken sleep-inducing doses of GHB. This has been known since 1976, and is published in the scientific literature.
  4. "GHB is a synthetic, designer drug."

    GHB is a naturally occurring molecule that appears to be essential for mammalian (including human) physiology. Consequently, everyone in Alabama is guilty of "possession of a controlled substance," making us all unindicted felons.

    Furthermore, since GHB has been identified in beef and many plants, the food supply is also contaminated with a controlled substance (according to current law). Under the proposed law, consuming a Big Mac quarter pounder could potentially subject one to life in prison without parole.

    What are we supposed to eat?

    These are not frivolous comments. Certainly the legislators could contrive a bill that would exempt McDonald's, Wendy's, Burger King, etc, as well as all grocery stores and meat markets which sell products with low-dose contaminations of GHB. However, consider that no other controlled substance occurs naturally in all animals and most plants-and no other controlled substance is essential for life! No other controlled substance requires such a carefully contrived list of exceptions in order to be lawful.

    Something appears to be wrong here. If all the other controlled substance statutes can be written in a cookie-cutter fashion, why would so many exceptions have to be made for a law which regulates naturally-occurring GHB?

  5. "GHB is difficult to identify on laboratory tests."

    Actually, the test is technically very simple. However, the test requires a long collimeter tube, and few labs are so equipped. But if the problem with GHB abuse is as large as the authorities claim, then more GHB testing facilities could be profitably established. Samples can now be prepared at remote sites and sent for testing. The molecule is very stable. If a test for GHB is needed and not done, it is not because GHB is difficult to test for.

  6. "GHB has caused many deaths."

I have reviewed as many autopsies as I have been able to obtain, (despite a frequent reluctance on the part of the FDA and DEA to provide details of the alleged deaths [and "Adverse Events"]). In addition, many medical examiners are sometimes reluctant to provide me with requested public documents. However, of the autopsies I have reviewed, I have yet to find an autopsy that unequivocally proved that the death was caused by any toxicity of GHB. Alcohol and/or illicit drugs were involved in many (if not most) of the cases.

In several cases, there was no GHB involvement at all (confirmed by laboratory examination). In other cases, the death was more likely due to have been due to a pre-existing condition-in some cases, the condition for which GHB was being taken-usually with a beneficial and most likely life-prolonging effect.

I've often said that anything can be abused. I've even pointed out that deaths have occurred due to water intoxication. Extremely relevant at this time is the recent death of a 53 year old male which was attributed by the Medical Examiner to "hypoxic encephalopathy due to acute GHB toxicity."

The autopsy report showed that the individual was brought in to the ER unconscious, with a sodium of 107 (which the admitting physician reported as incompatible with life-normal levels are 130-145). The history was that this long-time alcoholic and drug abuser had gone clean. However, within several months of discontinuing his other drugs, he began to feel badly, and occasionally became disoriented. His sleep was very poor, and he began to drink lots of water. He then began to take GBL to help himself sleep. It would help for a while, and it made him feel better. However, he became progressively worse, ultimately lapsing into a coma, and was taken to the hospital. Based on this history, the County Medical Examiner (Placer County, California) made the above diagnosis--"Due to Acute GHB Toxicity." However, there were no laboratory reports with the autopsy (lab was "pending" at the time of determination). I finally received the "missing" lab report which revealed a blood GHB level of 12.5 mg/L. There was no GHB in the urine. This amount of GHB is well within the range that is normally produced by the body after death. The fact that there was no GHB in the urine proves conclusively that the decedent had not taken any GHB prior to lapsing into the coma. The coma was due to low sodium, and had nothing to do with GHB. It is clear that the cause of death was a previously undiagnosed case of a disease known as diabetes insipidus, which causes excessive urination. This resulted in thirst and subsequent "water intoxication" which caused him to excrete excessive sodium, resulting in the profound hyponatremia (low blood sodium). The consumption of GBL in no way contributed to this death. The clinical presentation is certainly not consistent with a GHB overdose, and there is absolutely nothing in the scientific literature that would indicate that chronic use of GHB or its precursors would cause diabetes insipidus or hyponatremia.

This was a case where the death really was due to water-and got blamed on GHB!

Potential Problems that are Likely to Result from Passage of the Proposed Bill

GBL and BD are valuable industrial chemicals, available by the tank car load. Four hundred million pounds of GBL, and at least twice as much BD are manufactured each year. Because of the shear volume of these products produced annually, increasing the accountability and security of GBL and BD to the level of other "List 1 Chemicals" would probably bankrupt industry and eliminate many valuable consumer products (floor cleaners, paint strippers, acetone free nail polish removers, beer, pineapple ice cream, plastics, auto bodies, and many others).

Consequently, accountability and security requirements for these substances were waived in the recently-passed Federal Law (which I believe goes into effect on April 16th. Presumably, penalties for diversion would be those for other Class I chemicals which do have the statutory security and accountability requirements.

Because of the voluminous production of the two chemicals from which GHB can be manufactured/produced (12 million pounds), it will be difficult if not impossible to eliminate the production of GHB and/or its precursors (chemicals from which GHB is derived). Some GBL/BD will certainly be available through "illicit" channels. Stopping GHB production is going to be much more difficult than wiping out some poppy fields in Colombia, or spraying paraquat on marijuana plants in Mexico.

A lot of GBL and BD will probably be labeled "for industrial use only," and sold with a "wink." While in responsible hands, such a product can be diluted appropriately and be safely and beneficially consumed. Such users who could benefit include most adults of all ages, and even many children (GHB has been used successfully for autism and attention deficit disorder). Most "Industrial Grade" GBL actually is well within pharmaceutical standards of purity for contaminants and heavy metals (usually, the most common contaminant is water). "Pharmaceutical Grade" purity is often exactly the same product, but with a higher price.

However, because of the restrictions against dietary supplement use of GHB, there will be no instructions as to the proper dilution, and recommended dosage of the "bootleg" versions. Warnings against combining with alcohol and other central nervous system depressants will also obviously not be included.

Unfortunately, the consumers of this "bootleg GHB" will most likely be those most inclined to abuse it. Those who use GHB responsibly and benefit the most are generally law abiding adults-especially senior citizens. As we get older, sleep disturbances become more common. GHB normalizes sleep, resulting in deeper, more restful sleep, with consequent greater daytime alertness, improvement in memory, alleviation of depression, loss of body fat and increased musculature and bone density (due to release of growth hormone at night), reduction in cholesterol and reduction in oxygen requirements of the heart and brain (thereby actually protecting one against heart attacks and strokes). These are just a few of the well-documented benefits of GHB for "normal" people.

What Should be Done

First, since GHB meets the definition of dietary supplement in accordance with the Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act of 1994, I recommend that GHB be removed immediately from the list of controlled substances in Alabama.

Second, standards of purity and good manufacturing techniques should be established for the manufacture of GHB.

Third, appropriate warnings and dosage recommendations should be drafted to be incorporated on the label (just as on cigarette packs. [talk about dangerous drugs!])

Fourth, prohibit sales to minors. For example, in Florida, my children (11 and 13) cannot go into a K-Mart and buy a box of BBs. Florida law restricts sales of BBs to adults. I have to buy them.

Other considerations include possibly limiting sales in Alabama State Liquor stores (where ages are closely monitored)-although I really recommend separating these products from alcohol altogether. Taxes are another consideration.

Conclusion-Legal and Constitutional Considerations

Rape is a crime. Rape facilitated by a substance intended to incapacitate an individual is also a crime, with even more severe penalties. Adulterating someone's food or beverage is also already covered by the criminal code.

Although the Attorney General claims that criminal use of GHB has increased in Alabama, he has yet to provide us with any evidence of completed or pending prosecutions for a crime. Why increase the penalties for a crime for which no one has yet been punished?

The Eighth Amendment to the Constitution for the United States protects citizens from cruel and unusual punshment. Life in prison without parole for possession of a dose of GHB that will safely induce natural sleep for one night appears to me to be "cruel and unusual punishment." Especially when the same substance is about to be approved by the FDA for narcolepsy, yet which will admittedly (by Orphan Medical) be prescribed for a wide variety of legitamate uses. I doubt whether any rapists are imprisoned for life without parole.

The statements cited in this brief article can all be confirmed by scientific and public documents. One of the best sources of accurate information about GHB is the voluminous Investigational New Drug studies (INDs) on file with the FDA, which document over 25 years of research on the safety and clinical benefits of GHB. These documents have previously been placed into evidence in many court cases, and should now be considered public documents. I encourage investigative reporters and legislators to request these documents from the FDA.

Action Requested:

I encourage all residents of Alabama to call members of the Senate Judiciary Committee to encourage them to investigate the facts and vote against SB 305. Time is of the essence, as the Attorney General is scheduled to address the committee next Wednesday, 15 March 2000.

ALABAMA SENATE JUDICIARY COMMITTEE

Chairperson;
SENATOR RODGER MELL SMITHERMAN (D)
18th District (Jefferson)

State House:

Room 732
11 S. Union Street
Montgomery, AL 36130
(334) 242-7870

Business:
2029 2nd Avenue, N.
Birmingham, AL 35203
Phone: (205) 322-0012
Fax: (205) 324-2000

Home:
928 Center Way S.W.
Birmingham, AL 35211
(205) 322-3768

Chairman,
SENATOR H. E. "HAP" MYERS (R)
34th District (Mobile)

State House:
Room 735
11 S. Union Street
Montgomery, AL 36130
(334) 242-7886

Business:
P.O. Box 160034
Mobile, AL 36616
Phone: (334) 471-6549
Fax: (334) 471-5811

Home:
3904 Yester Place
Mobile, AL 36608
(334) 342-5199

Vice Chairperson;
SENATOR ZEB LITTLE (D)
4th District (Cullman, Madison, Morgan)

State House:
Room 729
11 S. Union Street
Montgomery, AL 36130
(334) 242-7855

Business:
P.O. Drawer M
Cullman, AL 35056
Phone: (256) 734-0456
Fax: (256) 734-0466

Home:
1528 Petrea Drive, SE
Cullman, AL 35055
(256) 734-6348
Email: zeblittle@msn.com

SENATOR LARRY DIXON (R)
25th District (Elmore, Montgomery)

State House:
Room 737
11 S. Union Street
Montgomery, AL 36130
(334) 242-7895

Business:
P.O. Box 946
Montgomery, AL 36101
Phone:(334) 242-4116
Fax: (334) 353-5255

Home:
820 E. Fairview Ave.
Montgomery, AL 36106
(334) 834-8105
Email:
bmedixon@mindspring.com

SENATOR ROGER H. BEDFORD, JR (D)
6th District (Colbert, Fayette, Franklin, Lamar, Marion,
Pickens,Winston)

State House:
Room 730
11 S. Union Street
Montgomery, AL 36130
(334) 242-7862

Business:
P.O. Box 370
Russellville, AL 35653
Phone: (256) 332-2880
Fax: (256) 332-7821

Home:
P.O. Box 370
Russellville, AL 35653
(256) 332-7709
Email: rogerbedford@bigfoot.com
Website: rogerbedford.home.mindspring.com

SENATOR GEORGE H. CLAY (D)
28th District (Barbour, Bullock, Henry, Lee, Macon, Russell)

State House:
Room 731
11 S. Union Street
Montgomery, AL 36130
(334) 242-7868

Business:
P.O. Box 830299
Tuskegee, AL 36083
Phone: (334) 727-6210 or
213-2450
Fax: (334) 727-2969 or 213-2452

Home:
1201 Lakeshore Drive
Tuskegee, AL 36083
(334) 727-4709

SENATOR CHARLES LANGFORD (D)
26th District (Montgomery)

State House:
Room 734
11 S. Union Street
Montgomery, AL 36130
(334) 242-7880

Business:
400 S. Union Street
Suite 205
Montgomery, AL 36104
Phone: (334) 269-2563
Fax: (334) 834-6398

Home:
918 East Grove Street
Montgomery, AL 36104
(334) 262-8895

SENATOR CURT LEE (R)
5th District (Jefferson, Shelby, Tuscaloosa, Walker, Winston)

State House:
Room 737
11 S. Union Street
Montgomery, AL 36130
(334) 242-7891

Business:
P.O. Box 3426
Jasper, AL 35502
Phone: (205) 387-7575
Fax: (205) 387-7576

Home:
1006 Pineview Road
Jasper, Alabama 35504
(205) 221-9531

SENATOR W. H. "PAT" LINDSEY (D)
22nd District (Baldwin, Choctaw, Clarke, Conecuh, Escambia, Monroe,
Washington)

State House:
Room 721
11 S. Union Street
Montgomery, AL 36130
(334) 242-7843

Business:
126 S. Mulberry Ave.
Butler, AL 36904
Phone: (334) 459-2478
Fax: (334) 459-2480

Home:
Rt. 1, Box 20
Butler, AL 36904
(334) 459-3508

SENATOR ALBERT LIPSCOMB (R)
32nd District (Baldwin, Mobile)

State House:
Room 738
11 S. Union Street
Montgomery AL 36130
(334) 242-7897

Business:
P.O. Box 209
Magnolia Springs, AL 36555
(334) 965-7871

Home:
P.O. Box 209
Magnolia Springs, AL 36555
(334) 965-7871

SENATOR DEL MARSH (R)
12th District (Calhoun)

State House:
Room 733
11 S. Union Street
Montgomery, AL 36130
(334) 242-7877

Business:
P.O. Drawer 2365
Anniston, AL 36202
Phone: (256) 237-8647
Fax: (256) 237-1579

Home:
546 Hillyer High Road
Anniston, AL 36207
(256) 237-1931
Email: achrome@wwisp.com

SENATOR CHARLES STEELE, JR. (D)
24th District (Greene, Hale, Marengo, Perry, Sumter, Tuscaloosa)

State House:
Room 734
11 S. Union Street
Montgomery, AL 36130
(334) 242-7935

Business:
2615 Stillman Boulevard
Tuscaloosa, AL 35401
Phone: (205) 759-5736
Fax: (205) 759-5739

Home:
P.O. Box 1396
Tuscaloosa, AL 35401
(205) 752-5263

SENATOR J. T. "JABO" WAGGONER (R)
Senate Minority Leader
16th District (Jefferson, Shelby)

State House:
Room 737
11 S. Union Street
Montgomery, AL 36130
(334) 242-7892

Business:
One HealthSouth Parkway
Birmingham, AL 35243
Phone: (205) 969-7524
Fax: (205) 969-6889

Home:
1829 Mission Road
Birmingham, AL 35216
(205) 822-7443
Email: jabo.waggoner@healthsouth.com

Senator Hank Sanders

23rd District (Choctaw, Dallas, Clarke, Conecuh,Lowndes, Monroe, Marengo and Wilcox)
Bus. One Union Street (P.O. Box 1290) (334) 875-9264
Res. P.O. Box 1290, One Imani (334) 875-1395
Selma, Alabama 36702-1290
State House Office-Room 730-A (334) 242-7860

Senator Vivian Davis Figures
33rd District (Mobile)
Bus. P.O. Box 40536 (334) 432-0482
Mobile, Alabama 36640
Res., 2054 Clemente Ct. (334) 457-9008
Mobile, Alabama 36617
State House Office-Room 732-B (334) 242-7871